Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment Home Care warning signs Underlying Cause Anatomy

Confusion Overview

What is confusion?
A person with confusion has impaired mental ability and is unable to think clearly. A confused person makes inappropriate decisions, and reacts strangely to events or surroundings. Depending on the cause, confusion may occur in brief episodes, or may slowly worsen over time.

What are the symptoms of confusion?
Symptoms depend on the underlying cause for the confusion. Symptoms that may be associated with confusion include: anxiety, difficulty speaking, difficulty walking, hallucinations, excessive sleepiness, depression, loss of memory, and other neurological symptoms.

How does the doctor treat confusion?
The treatment for confusion depends on the underlying cause.

Continue to Confusion Symptoms

Last Updated: Mar 1, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Confusion References
  1. Cavaliere F, D'Ambrosio F, Volpe C, Masieri S. Postoperative delirium. Curr Drug Targets. 2005 Nov;6(7):807-14. [16305459]
  2. Lyons WL. Delirium in postacute and long-term care. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2006 May;7(4):254-61. Epub 2006 Feb 3. [16698514]
  3. Turner S, Iliffe S, Downs M, Wilcock J, Bryans M, Levin E, Keady J, O'Carroll R. General practitioners' knowledge, confidence and attitudes in the diagnosis and management of dementia. Age Ageing. 2004 Sep;33(5):461-7. [15271637]
  4. Walker MP, Ayre GA, Cummings JL, Wesnes K, McKeith IG, O'Brien JT, Ballard CG. The Clinician Assessment of Fluctuation and the One Day Fluctuation Assessment Scale. Two methods to assess fluctuating confusion in dementia. Br J Psychiatry. 2000 Sep;177:252-6. [11040887]
  5. Woodrow P. Interventions for confusion and dementia. 4: Alternative approaches. Br J Nurs. 1998 Nov 12-25;7(20):1247-50. [9934030]
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