Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Compartment Syndrome Anatomy

To better understand compartment syndrome, it helps to understand the anatomy of the soft tissues.

Fascia is a very strong, flexible layer of tissue that surrounds a group of muscles. For example, fascia surrounds the group of muscles in the forearm, which controls movement in the hand. The fascia forms an enclosure around the muscles, called a compartment. Bones, blood vessels, nerves and tendons also reside within the compartment.

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Compartment Syndrome References
  1. Cascio BM, Wilckens JH, Ain MC, Toulson C, Frassica FJ. Documentation of acute compartment syndrome at an academic health-care center. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2005 Feb;87(2):346-50. [15687158]
  2. Heidepriem RW, Frey SE, Robinson D, Tapscott WJ, Spence RK. Thigh compartment syndrome: diagnosis and surgical treatment. Vascular. 2004 Jul-Aug;12(4):271-2. [15704323]
  3. Kostler W, Strohm PC, Sudkamp NP. Acute compartment syndrome of the limb. Injury. 2004 Dec;35(12):1221-7. [15561110]
  4. Shah SN, Miller BS, Kuhn JE. Chronic exertional compartment syndrome. Am J Orthop. 2004 Jul;33(7):335-41. [15344575]
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