Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms cold versus flu Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care congestion cough fever sore throat warning signs wheezing Prevention Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Transmission
Common Cold Wheezing
- Avoid exposure to smoke.
- Avoid cough medicine.
- Avoid sedative medications.
- Avoid substances that trigger wheezing.
- Drink plenty of liquids to remain hydrated.
- Place a vaporizer or nebulizer in the bedroom at night.
Home care for those who take medication for wheezing includes:
- Follow asthma home care instructions.
- Learn to use prescribed inhalers correctly.
- Use short-acting inhalers every 20 minutes, or as directed by your doctor.
- Long-acting medications must be used regularly.
- Learn to use a peak flow meter.
- Know the peak flow danger zones.
- Develop a strategy for using your inhaler based on your PEFR reading
- Stay calm during a wheezing attack.
Peak Flow Zones:
- Green Zone:
- A PEFR reading that is 80-100% of personal best represents good control
- Yellow Zone:
- A PEFR reading that is 50-80% of personal best represents a moderate attack
- Red Zone:
- A PEFR reading that is less than 50% of personal best represents a severe attack and may identify the need for treatment in an emergency department.
Continue to Common Cold Prevention
PubMed Common Cold References
- Bachert C, Chuchalin AG, Eisebitt R, Netayzhenko VZ, Voelker M. Aspirin compared with acetaminophen in the treatment of fever and other symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection in adults: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, single-dose, 6-hour dose-ranging study. Clin Ther. 2005 Jul;27(7):993-1003. 
- Fahey T, Stocks N, Thomas T. Systematic review of the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Sep;79(3):225-30. 
- Islam J, Carter R. Use of Echinacea in upper respiratory tract infection. South Med J. 2005 Mar;98(3):311-8. 
- Lam TP, Lam KF. Why do family doctors prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection? Int J Clin Pract. 2003 Apr;57(3):167-9. 
- Ray DA, Rohren CH. Characteristics of patients with upper respiratory tract infection presenting to a walk-in clinic. Mayo Clin Proc. 2001 Feb;76(2):169-73.