Common Cold in Children Treatment
Most upper respiratory infections in children cause an illness that lasts for less than 6 days and resolves without treatment. The goal of treatment in upper respiratory infection falls exclusively on providing symptom relief. Antibiotics do not treat viruses that cause upper respiratory infections.
General measures to treat upper respiratory infections include rest, encouraging fluids, and acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for fever control. A vast number of nonprescription medications are available to relieve other bothersome cold symptoms such as, nasal congestion, sneezing, cough, and sore throat.
Treatment options for upper respiratory infections in children may include:
- Encourage liquids
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever:
- Acetaminophen for pain and fever control
- Medications for cough:
- Short-acting antihistamine medications for runny nose:
For more information:
Common Cold in Children Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of upper respiratory infections in children.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How do I avoid passing the infection to others?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
Common Cold in Children Specialist
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- Butler CC, Hood K, Kinnersley P, Robling M, Prout H, Houston H. Predicting the clinical course of suspected acute viral upper respiratory tract infection in children. Fam Pract. 2005 Feb;22(1):92-5. 
- Fahey T, Stocks N, Thomas T. Systematic review of the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection. Arch Dis Child. 1998 Sep;79(3):225-30. 
- Lam TP, Lam KF. Why do family doctors prescribe antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infection? Int J Clin Pract. 2003 Apr;57(3):167-9.