Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Coccygeal Injury Evaluation

The evaluation of sacrococcygeal injury begins with a history and physical exam.

Physical findings in someone with sacrococcygeal injury may include:

  • Bruising above the buttocks
  • Swelling above the buttocks
  • Tenderness above the buttocks

Tests are not necessary to make the diagnosis of sacrococcygeal injury.

Tests that may be used to evaluate a sacrococcygeal injury include:

Continue to Coccygeal Injury Treatment

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Coccygeal Injury References
  1. Papadopoulos EC, Khan SN. Piriformis syndrome and low back pain: a new classification and review of the literature. Orthop Clin North Am. 2004 Jan;35(1):65-71. [15062719]
  2. Rugulies R, Krause N. Job strain, iso-strain, and the incidence of low back and neck injuries. A 7.5-year prospective study of San Francisco transit operators. Soc Sci Med. 2005 Jul;61(1):27-39. [1584795]
  3. Tveito TH, Hysing M, Eriksen HR. Low back pain interventions at the workplace: a systematic literature review. Occup Med (Lond). 2004 Jan;54(1):3-13. [14963248]
  4. van der Roer N, Goossens ME, Evers SM, van Tulder MW. What is the most cost-effective treatment for patients with low back pain? A systematic review. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2005 Aug;19(4):671-84. [15949783]
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