Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Coccidioidomycosis Overview

What is coccidioidomycosis?
A person with coccidioidomycosis has an infection of the lungs caused by the fungus, Coccidioides immitis. Infection occurs by inhaling dust from contaminated soil in the Southwest US, Mexico and Central America. Most lung infections resolve without treatment. Serious infections from coccidiomycosis are more common in those with weak immune systems caused by AIDS or chemotherapy.

What are the symptoms of coccidioidomycosis?
Initial symptoms of coccidioidomycosis include chest pain, chills, cough, fever, fatigue, headache, joint pains, anorexia, excessive sweating, night sweats, rash, and sore throat.

How does the doctor treat coccidioidomycosis?
Mild cases of coccidioidomycosis do not usually require treatment. Most cases of coccidioidomycosis resolve over time. Treatment for severe cases of coccidioidomycosis includes anti-fungal medications, cough suppressants, antihistamines, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever.

Continue to Coccidioidomycosis Incidence

Last Updated: Aug 18, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Coccidioidomycosis References
  1. Ampel NM. Combating opportunistic infections: coccidioidomycosis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Feb;5(2):255-61. [14996623]
  2. Ampel NM. Introduction. Symposium on coccidioidomycosis. Semin Respir Infect. 2001 Dec;16(4):229-30. [11740822]
  3. Chang A, Tung RC, McGillis TS, Bergfeld WF, Taylor JS. Primary cutaneous coccidioidomycosis. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2003 Nov;49(5):944-9. [14576689]
  4. Deresinski SC. Coccidioidomycosis: efficacy of new agents and future prospects. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2001 Dec;14(6):693-6. [11964886]
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