Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Symptoms Treatment behavior therapy Warning Signs Outlook Complications long term with alcohol with pregnancy Underlying Cause

Cocaine Abuse Underlying Cause

Cocaine use and addiction is related to the effects the drug has on the brain.

Effects of cocaine include:

  • Intense pleasure
  • Increased confidence
  • Increased energy
  • Increased sensitivity to sight, sound and touch

When the effects of cocaine wear off, the user feels depressed and fatigued. This usually leads a user to desire more cocaine. Over time, the user becomes dependent on cocaine, in order to feel pleasure. The more a person uses cocaine, the more cocaine is required in order to experience the same effect. In addition, the feelings of depression and fatigue worsen in between doses of the drug. This leads to addiction.

Last Updated: Dec 8, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cocaine Abuse References
  1. Gerada C. Drug misuse: a review of treatments. Clin Med. 2005 Jan-Feb;5(1):69-73. [15745203]
  2. Rounsaville BJ. Treatment of cocaine dependence and depression. Biol Psychiatry. 2004 Nov 15;56(10):803-9. [15556126]
  3. Sofuoglu M, Kosten TR. Novel approaches to the treatment of cocaine addiction. CNS Drugs. 2005;19(1):13-25. [15651902]
  4. Velasquez EM, Anand RC, Newman WP 3rd, Richard SS, Glancy DL. Cardiovascular complications associated with cocaine use. J La State Med Soc. 2004 Nov-Dec;156(6):302-10. [15688670]
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