Treatment for cholesteatoma includes surgery to remove the cholesteatoma from the middle ear. Depending on the size of the cholesteatoma and the technique used for surgery, the cholesteatoma may reoccur. The procedure does not require admission to the hospital and recovery may take 1 to 2 weeks.
Goals for surgery include:
- Preserve, or improve hearing
- Preserve the ability to carry out normal activities, such as swimming
- Preserve the normal appearance of the ear after surgery
Continue to Cholesteatoma Home Care
- Kazahaya K, Potsic WP. Congenital cholesteatoma. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2004 Oct;12(5):398-403. 
- Lin V, Daniel S, James A, Friedberg J. Bilateral cholesteatomas: the hospital for sick children experience. J Otolaryngol. 2004 Jun;33(3):145-50. 
- Nelson M, Roger G, Koltai PJ, Garabedian EN, Triglia JM, Roman S, Castellon RJ, Hammel JP. Congenital cholesteatoma: classification, management, and outcome. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2002 Jul;128(7):810-4. 
- Syms MJ, Luxford WM. Management of cholesteatoma: status of the canal wall. Laryngoscope. 2003 Mar;113(3):443-8.