Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cholera Overview

What is cholera?
A person with cholera has an infection of the intestines, caused by the bacteria, Vibrio cholerae. Cholera is a form of bacterial gastroenteritis. Cholera spreads by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Cholera infection causes severe diarrhea. Although cholera can be life threatening, it can be successfully treated with antibiotics.

What are the symptoms of cholera?
Symptoms of cholera may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and cramping abdominal pain. Other symptoms include muscle aches and fever. Diarrheal stools are usually watery and severe. Symptoms of dehydration are common.

How does the doctor treat cholera?
Treatment for cholera may include intravenous fluids, clear liquid diet, antibiotics, and medications for vomiting and diarrhea.

Continue to Cholera Incidence

Last Updated: May 31, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cholera References
  1. Greenough WB 3rd. The human, societal, and scientific legacy of cholera. J Clin Invest. 2004 Feb;113(3):334-9. [14755327]
  2. Kirkpatrick BD, Alston WK. Current immunizations for travel. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2003 Oct;16(5):369-74. [14501987]
  3. Sack DA, Sack RB, Nair GB, Siddique AK. Cholera. Lancet. 2004 Jan 17;363(9404):223-33. [14738797]
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