Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Chlamydia Lung Infection Anatomy

To better understand chlamydia pneumonia, it helps to understand the anatomy of the lungs.

Inside the chest, the windpipe, or trachea, divides into two smaller tubes: the right bronchus and the left bronchus. The right bronchus enters the right lung and the left bronchus enters the left lung. The right bronchus and left bronchus branch into smaller and smaller tubes.

The smallest tubes, called bronchioles, end in tiny air sacs, called alveoli. Blood flows very close to the walls of the alveoli. Oxygen and carbon dioxide pass between the air and the bloodstream through the wall of the alveoli.

Anatomy examples:

  • The lung and airways
  • The bronchioles and alveoli
  • The lungs

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Chlamydia Lung Infection References
  1. Hammerschlag MR. Advances in the management of Chlamydia pneumoniae infections. Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2003 Oct;1(3):493-503. [15482145]
  2. Hammerschlag MR. Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections in children and adolescents. Pediatr Rev. 2004 Feb;25(2):43-51. [14754926]
  3. Karnak D, Beder S. Treatment of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2002 Oct;3(10):1461-70. [12387692]
  4. Sinaniotis CA, Sinaniotis AC. Community-acquired pneumonia in children. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2005 May;11(3):218-25. [15818183]
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