Childhood Osteomalacia Underlying Cause
- Primary vitamin D deficiency:
- Those who do not receive enough vitamin D in the diet
- Those who are not exposed to sunlight
- Intestinal malabsorption:
- The intestine is unable to absorb vitamin D.
- Vegetarian diet:
- A vegetarian diet may not contain adequate vitamin D.
- Lactose intolerance:
- Milk is a primary source of vitamin D
- Those with lactose deficiency cannot tolerate mild products
- Liver disease:
- The liver is unable to convert vitamin D to its active form.
- Those who do not receive enough calcium or phosphate in the diet
- Renal tubular acidosis:
- The kidneys release too much phosphate into the urine.
- Phosphate is not available for making bone.
Continue to Childhood Osteomalacia Anatomy
PubMed Childhood Osteomalacia References
- Lerch C, Meissner T. Interventions for the prevention of nutritional rickets in term born children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Oct 17;(4):CD006164. 
- Nield LS, Mahajan P, Joshi A, Kamat D. Rickets: not a disease of the past. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Aug 15;74(4):619-26.