Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms neglect physical abuse sexual abuse Evaluation clues of abuse munchausen-by-proxy physical findings sexual abuse shaken baby syndrome Treatment Warning Signs Types

Child Abuse Types

Five major types of child abuse include:

  • Emotional abuse:
    • Destructive emotional responses to the child's emotions from the caregiver
  • Psychological abuse:
    • Destructive caregiver behavior that damages the mental functions of a child
  • Physical abuse:
    • Non-accidental injury to a child caused by an adult, including physical punishment.
  • Sexual abuse:
    • An interaction in which the child is sexually exploited.
  • Neglect:
    • The caregiver fails to meet the basic needs of a child.

Last Updated: Dec 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Child Abuse References
  1. Dubowitz H, Pitts SC, Litrownik AJ, Cox CE, Runyan D, Black MM. Defining child neglect based on child protective services data. Child Abuse Negl. 2005 May;29(5):493-511. [15970322]
  2. Ledbetter EO. An ethical approach to intervention/prevention of child maltreatment. Adv Pediatr. 2003;50:215-29. [14626488]
  3. Tenney-Soeiro R, Wilson C. An update on child abuse and neglect. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2004 Apr;16(2):233-7. [15021210]
  4. Tolan P, Gorman-Smith D, Henry D. Family Violence. Annu Rev Psychol. 2005 Aug 31. [16134962]
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