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CF Underlying Cause
Some of the effects of cystic fibrosis include:
- The lungs are unable to produce enough mucus to lubricate the air passageways:
- This causes the mucus to become thick, increasing the risk for pneumonia.
- Over time, repeated lung infections can damage and scar the lungs.
- The intestines are unable to produce enough mucus to lubricate the bowels.
- This can lead to chronic digestive problems and diabetes.
- The liver and pancreas are unable to secrete digestive enzymes into the intestine.
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PubMed CF References
- Aswani N, Taylor CJ, McGaw J, Pickering M, Rigby AS. Pubertal growth and development in cystic fibrosis: a retrospective review. Acta Paediatr. 2003 Sep;92(9):1029-32. 
- Long JM, Fauset-Jones J, Dixon MJ, Worthington-Riley D, Sharma V, Patel L, David TJ. Annual review hospital visits for patients with cystic fibrosis. J R Soc Med. 2001;94 Suppl 40:12-6. 
- Prescott WA Jr, Johnson CE. Antiinflammatory therapies for cystic fibrosis: past, present, and future. Pharmacotherapy. 2005 Apr;25(4):555-73. 
- Schoni MH, Casaulta-Aebischer C. Nutrition and lung function in cystic fibrosis patients: review. Clin Nutr. 2000 Apr;19(2):79-85.