Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation types Treatment specialist Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Cerebral Palsy Overview

What is cerebral palsy?
A person with cerebral palsy is born with a condition that permanently impairs normal muscle movement. Cerebral palsy is a permanent movement disorder that occurs before birth, at the time of birth or soon after birth. The disorder is caused by an abnormality in the brain. The brain is unable to send messages to the nerves that control muscle movement and, as a result, muscles do not function properly. Cerebral palsy can affect the muscles of the face, neck, trunk, or limbs.

What are the symptoms of cerebral palsy?
The most common symptom of cerebral palsy is muscle spasms. Other symptoms of cerebral palsy include abnormal movements, difficulty walking, difficulty speaking, and weakness or fatigue.

How does the doctor treat cerebral palsy?
Treatment for cerebral palsy may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and medications to control spasms, tremor, and seizures.

Continue to Cerebral Palsy Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cerebral Palsy References
  1. Bax M, Goldstein M, Rosenbaum P, Leviton A, Paneth N, Dan B, Jacobson B, Damiano D; Executive Committee for the Definition of Cerebral Palsy. Proposed definition and classification of cerebral palsy, April 2005. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2005 Aug;47(8):571-6. [16108461]
  2. Bonellie SR, Currie D, Chalmers J. Comparison of risk factors for cerebral palsy in twins and singletons. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2005 Sep;47(9):587-91. [16138664]
  3. Howard J, Soo B, Graham HK, Boyd RN, Reid S, Lanigan A, Wolfe R, Reddihough DS. Cerebral palsy in Victoria: Motor types, topography and gross motor function. J Paediatr Child Health. 2005 Sep-Oct;41(9-10):479-83. [16150063]
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