Overview Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Warning Signs Outlook Underlying Cause Anatomy
Cauda Equina Syndrome Evaluation
- Muscle weakness
- Diminished or absent deep tendon reflexes in the lower extremities
- Sensory abnormalities in the perineum and lower extremities
- Decreased anal sphincter tone
Testing is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of cauda equina syndrome.
Tests that may be used to evaluate cauda equina syndrome include:
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PubMed Cauda Equina Syndrome References
- Binder DK, Schmidt MH, Weinstein PR. Lumbar spinal stenosis. Semin Neurol. 2002 Jun;22(2):157-66. 
- Hussain SA, Gullan RW, Chitnavis BP. Cauda equina syndrome: outcome and implications for management. Br J Neurosurg. 2003 Apr;17(2):164-7. 
- Jensen RL. Cauda equina syndrome as a postoperative complication of lumbar spine surgery. Neurosurg Focus. 2004 Jun 15;16(6):e7.