Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cardiospasm Incidence

Facts about achalasia include:

  • Achalasia is an uncommon condition.
  • Achalasia occurs most often in persons between the ages of 20 and 40.
  • Achalasia usually develops very slowly over many years.

Continue to Cardiospasm Symptoms

Last Updated: Sep 18, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cardiospasm References
  1. Garofalo JH, Pofahl WE. Achalasia: a brief review of treatment options and efficacy. Curr Surg. 2002 Nov-Dec;59(6):549-53. [1609319]
  2. Nguyen NQ, Holloway RH. Recent developments in esophageal motor disorders. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2005 Jul;21(4):478-84. [15930992]
  3. Woltman TA, Pellegrini CA, Oelschlager BK. Achalasia. Surg Clin North Am. 2005 Jun;85(3):483-93. [15927645]
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