Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cardiomegaly Diet

It is important to follow a healthy diet at home if you have cardiac enlargement.

Heart Healthy Diet
Dietary guidelines for those who have heart disease include:

  • Control calories:
    • Eat just enough calories to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Eat quality fats:
    • Use virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
  • Eat the right amount of fats, carbohydrates and protein:
    • Limit your fat intake to 20 or 30 percent, but don't substitute simple carbohydrates for fat.
    • Less than 7% of the day's total calories from saturated fat.
    • Up to 10% of the day's total calories from polyunsaturated fat.
    • Up to 20% of the day's total calories from monounsaturated fat
  • Avoid fad diets:
    • Eat a well-rounded diet instead.
    • Eat small, frequent meals.
    • Avoid large and heavy meals.
  • Limit cholesterol in diet:
    • To less than 200 milligrams a day.
  • Limit iron intake:
  • Eat enough dietary fiber:
    • Whole grains are best.
  • Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables
  • Reduce salt in your diet
    • Optimal: no more than 1,500 milligrams per day.
  • Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins:

Continue to Cardiomegaly Lifestyle

Last Updated: Dec 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cardiomegaly References
  1. Arola A, Tuominen J, Ruuskanen O, Jokinen E: Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy in children: prognostic indicators and outcome. Pediatrics 1998 Mar; 101(3 Pt 1): 369-76. [9480999]
  2. Burkett EL, Hershberger RE. Clinical and genetic issues in familial dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Apr 5;45(7):969-81. [15808750]
  3. Elliott P: Cardiomyopathy. Diagnosis and management of dilated cardiomyopathy. Heart 2000 Jul; 84(1): 106-12. [10862601]
  4. Gosse P. Left ventricular hypertrophy as a predictor of cardiovascular risk. J Hypertens Suppl. 2005 Apr;23 Suppl 1:S27-33. [15821448]
  5. Verdecchia P, Angeli F. Reversal of left ventricular hypertrophy: what have recent trials taught us? Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2004;4(6):369-78. [15554722]
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