Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Carcinoma of the Uterus Anatomy

To better understand uterine cancer, it helps to understand the anatomy of the uterus.

The uterus, or womb, is part of the female reproductive system. The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus. The ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina are the other parts of the female reproductive system.

Anatomy examples:

  • The uterus, cervix, and vaginal canal
  • The bladder
  • The fallopian tubes:
    • These paired structures connect each ovary to the uterus
  • The ovaries:
    • One on each side of the uterus. A normal adult ovary is about the size of an unshelled almond
  • Female organs during a pelvic examination

Last Updated: Nov 1, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Carcinoma of the Uterus References
  1. Diaz-Montes TP, Alberg A, Zahurak ML, Trimble EL, Bristow RE. Cancer of the uterine corpus among Hispanic women living in the United States: patterns of staging, diagnosis, and primary treatment. Gynecol Oncol. 2005 Mar;96(3):753-9. [15721422]
  2. Ellenson LH, Wu TC. Focus on endometrial and cervical cancer. Cancer Cell. 2004 Jun;5(6):533-8. [15193256]
  3. Kimura T, Kamiura S, Yamamoto T, Seino-Noda H, Ohira H, Saji F. Abnormal uterine bleeding and prognosis of endometrial cancer. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004 May;85(2):145-50. [15099776]
  4. Tewari KS, DiSaia PJ. Primary prevention of uterine cervix cancer: focus on vaccine history and current strategy. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2002 Dec;29(4):843-68, ix. [12509098]
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