Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cancer Uterus Underlying Cause

The exact cause for uterine cancer is unknown, but genetics may play a role in determining risk.

Genes control the functions inside a cell. Special genes control how cells divide and grow. Cancer occurs when the damaged genes stimulate the cell to multiply out of control. The exact cause for this damage is unknown.


  • DNA
  • Genes on chromosomes
  • Cancer cells
  • Cancer cell division

Cancer cells can develop from any of the cells that line the uterus. The cells can spread through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream.


Continue to Cancer Uterus Anatomy

Last Updated: Jan 7, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cancer Uterus References
  1. Diaz-Montes TP, Alberg A, Zahurak ML, Trimble EL, Bristow RE. Cancer of the uterine corpus among Hispanic women living in the United States: patterns of staging, diagnosis, and primary treatment. Gynecol Oncol. 2005 Mar;96(3):753-9. [15721422]
  2. Ellenson LH, Wu TC. Focus on endometrial and cervical cancer. Cancer Cell. 2004 Jun;5(6):533-8. [15193256]
  3. Kimura T, Kamiura S, Yamamoto T, Seino-Noda H, Ohira H, Saji F. Abnormal uterine bleeding and prognosis of endometrial cancer. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2004 May;85(2):145-50. [15099776]
  4. Tewari KS, DiSaia PJ. Primary prevention of uterine cervix cancer: focus on vaccine history and current strategy. Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2002 Dec;29(4):843-68, ix. [12509098]
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