Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cancer Testicles Prevention

There is no way to prevent testicular cancer. However, it can usually be detected early during a testicular self-exam. Males should perform a testicular self-exam once a month.

Testicular Self-Exam

  • Perform the exam after a warm bath or shower.
  • Examine each testicle gently with both hands.
  • The index and middle fingers should be placed underneath the testicle while the thumbs are placed on the top.
  • Roll the testicle gently between the thumbs and fingers.
  • Normal testicles feel smooth and spongy.
  • One testicle may be larger than the other:
    • This is normal.
  • The epididymis is a cord-like structure on the top and back of the testicle that stores and transports the sperm.
  • Feel for any abnormal lumps:
    • They may be the size of a pea
    • Usually located on the front or the side of the testicle
    • Lumps are usually painless
  • If you do find a lump, contact your doctor right away.

Continue to Cancer Testicles Outlook

Last Updated: Aug 7, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cancer Testicles References
  1. Balk C, Witjes JA. Advances in the management of testicular cancer. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2004 Aug;4(4):669-77. [15270670]
  2. Garner MJ, Turner MC, Ghadirian P, Krewski D. Epidemiology of testicular cancer: an overview. Int J Cancer. 2005 Sep 1;116(3):331-9. [15818625]
  3. Masters JR, Koberle B. Curing metastatic cancer: lessons from testicular germ-cell tumours. Nat Rev Cancer. 2003 Jul;3(7):517-25. [12835671]
  4. Shabbir M, Morgan RJ. Testicular cancer. J R Soc Health. 2004 Sep;124(5):217-8. [15493780]
  5. Wirehn AB, Tornberg S, Carstensen J. Serum cholesterol and testicular cancer incidence in 45,000 men followed for 25 years. Br J Cancer. 2005 May 9;92(9):1785-6. [15827555]
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