Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cancer of the Cervix Underlying Cause

Cervical infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) causes the gene damage that leads to cervical cancer. HPV is transmitted through sexual intercourse and causes genital warts.

Genes control the functions inside a cell. Special genes control how cells divide and grow. Cancer occurs when the damaged genes stimulate the cell to multiply out of control. The exact cause for this damage is unknown.


  • DNA
  • Genes on chromosomes
  • Cancer cells
  • Cancer cell division

Continue to Cancer of the Cervix Anatomy

Last Updated: Aug 26, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cancer of the Cervix References
  1. Eddy DM: Screening for cervical cancer. Ann Intern Med 1990 Aug 1; 113(3): 214-26. [2115753]
  2. Ellenson LH, Wu TC. Focus on endometrial and cervical cancer. Cancer Cell. 2004 Jun;5(6):533-8. [15193256]
  3. Schiffman MH, Bauer HM, Hoover RN: Epidemiologic evidence showing that human papillomavirus infection causes most cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993 Jun 16; 85(12): 958-64. [8388478]
  4. Sundar S, Horne A, Kehoe S. Cervical cancer. Clin Evid. 2005 Jun;(13):2285-92. [16135328]
  5. Waxman AG. Guidelines for cervical cancer screening: history and scientific rationale. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2005 Mar;48(1):77-97. [15725861]
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