Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cancer of the Breast in Males Stage 3a

Any one of the following qualifies:

  • No tumor is found in the breast, but cancer is found in the lymph nodes under the arm, which are attached to each other or to other structures
  • Breast tumor is no larger than 5 centimeters and is found in the lymph nodes under the arm, which are attached to each other or to other structures
  • Breast tumor is larger than 5 centimeters and is found in the lymph nodes under the arm, which are attached to each other or to other structures

Continue to Cancer of the Breast in Males Stage 3b

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cancer of the Breast in Males References
  1. Appelbaum AH, Evans GF, Levy KR, et al: Mammographic appearances of male breast disease. Radiographics 1999 May-Jun; 19(3): 559-68 . [10336188]
  2. Carmalt HL, Mann LJ, Kennedy CW, et al: Carcinoma of the male breast: a review and recommendations for management. Aust N Z J Surg 1998 Oct; 68(10): 712-5 [9768607]
  3. Dehner LP, Hill DA, Deschryver K: Pathology of the breast in children, adolescents, and young adults. Semin Diagn Pathol 1999 Aug; 16(3): 235-47. [10490200]
  4. Giordano SH, Perkins GH, Broglio K, Garcia SG, Middleton LP, Buzdar AU, Hortobagyi GN. Adjuvant systemic therapy for male breast carcinoma. Cancer. 2005 Dec 1;104(11):2359-64. [16270318]
  5. Greydanus DE, Parks DS, Farrell EG: Breast disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatr Clin North Am 1989 Jun; 36(3): 601-38. [2543947]
  6. Hsing AW, McLaughlin JK, Cocco P, Co Chien HT, Fraumeni JF Jr. Risk factors for male breast cancer (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 1998 May;9(3):269-75. [9684707]
  7. Pacinda SJ, Ramzy I. Fine-needle aspiration of breast masses. A review of its role in diagnosis and management in adolescent patients. J Adolesc Health. 1998 Jul;23(1):3-6. [9648017]
  8. Stewart RA, Howlett DC, Hearn FJ: Pictorial review: the imaging features of male breast disease. Clin Radiol 1997 Oct; 52(10): 739-44. [9366531]
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