Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Cancer of the Bone Types

The two types of bone cancer include:

  • Primary bone cancer:
  • Secondary bone cancer:
    • Cancer from another organ in the body spreads to the bone

Cancer of the Bone Primary

Primary bone cancer arises directly from the bone cells. These tumors are quite rare, representing less than 1% of all cancers. Multiple myeloma is the most common form of primary bone cancer.

There are several other, even less common types of primary bone cancer:

  • Chondrosarcoma:
    • Cancer of the cartilage of large bones
    • Affect the very young and old.
  • Ewing's sarcoma:
    • Cancer of the connective tissue around larger bones.
    • Affects children, teens, and those in their early twenties
  • Fibrosarcoma:
    • Cancer of the fibrous tissue of the bone, nerves, and the tissues around muscles.
  • Osteosarcoma:
    • Cancer of the cells of the bone.
    • Mainly occurs in the leg bones of teens and young adults

Cancer of the Bone Secondary

Secondary bone cancer forms when cancer cells spread to the bone from another organ. Cancer that spreads from one organ to another is also called malignant cancer.

Common cancers that spread to the bone include:

Continue to Cancer of the Bone Anatomy

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cancer of the Bone References
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  2. Peh WC: Screening for bone metastases. Am J Orthop 2000 May; 29(5): 405. [10868444]
  3. Schaberg J, Gainor BJ: A profile of metastatic carcinoma of the spine. Spine 1985 Jan-Feb; 10(1): 19-20. [3983700]
  4. Varterasian ML: Biologic and clinical advances in multiple myeloma. Oncology (Huntingt) 1995 May; 9(5): 417-24. [7547203]
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