Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Cancer Melanoma Overview

Another name for Cancer Melanoma is Malignant Melanoma.

What is malignant melanoma?
Malignant melanoma is a form of skin cancer. A person with malignant melanoma has abnormal cells in the skin that multiply out of control. These cells can form tumors and spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma is the sixth most common cause of cancer in the US. Melanoma rates are rising faster than any cancer in men and are second only to lung cancer in women.

What are the symptoms of malignant melanoma?
Malignant melanoma usually appears as a deep black mole on a region of the skin that is exposed to the sun. Occasionally, malignant melanoma may occur on skin that is not exposed to the sun. Symptoms of malignant melanoma include a mole that has changed shape, color, or size.

How does the doctor treat malignant melanoma?
Most malignant melanomas are curable if they are detected, and treated, early. Treatment for early malignant melanoma is surgical. More advanced disease often requires the combination of includes surgery, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.

Continue to Cancer Melanoma Incidence

Last Updated: Oct 14, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Cancer Melanoma References
  1. Brown TJ, Nelson BR. Malignant melanoma: a clinical review. Cutis. 1999 May;63(5):275-8, 281-4. [10349543]
  2. Ruiz-Maldonado R, Orozco-Covarrubias ML. Malignant melanoma in children. A review. Arch Dermatol. 1997 Mar;133(3):363-71. [9080898]
  3. Schuchter LM. Review of the 2001 AJCC staging system for cutaneous malignant melanoma. Curr Oncol Rep. 2001 Jul;3(4):332-7. [11389818]
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