Campylobacter Gastroenteritis Treatment
General treatment for Campylobacter enteritis includes a clear liquid diet and medication for fever. Oral fluids help prevent dehydration from the fluid loss caused by diarrhea. In some cases, hospitalization for intravenous (IV) fluids is required to treat moderate to severe dehydration or correct an electrolyte imbalance. Most cases of Campylobacter enteritis resolve without antibiotics within a week, but severe cases may require treatment. Medications that reduce diarrhea, such as Lomotil, are not recommended because they prolong the illness.
Treatment for Campylobacter enteritis includes:
- Intravenous fluids for severe dehydration
- Oral rehydration therapy for older children and adults:
- Drink clear liquids only, such as water, sports drinks (best), fruit juice and dilute tea.
- Drink small quantities of fluids frequently, such as 2 tablespoons of fluid every 5 minutes.
- The absence of food allows the intestines to rest.
- May be able to advance to full liquid diet once symptoms improve
- Effective to treat mild to moderate dehydration
- Clear liquid diet
- Acetaminophen for fever
- Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
- Ibuprofen for fever
- Adult dosing is 200-400 mg every 4-6 hours.
- Medications for nausea and vomiting:
- Antibiotics for bacterial gastroenteritis:
Campylobacter Gastroenteritis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of campylobacter enteritis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- Am I contagious?
- For how long?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Campylobacter Gastroenteritis Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat campylobacter enteritis:
Continue to Campylobacter Gastroenteritis Home Care
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- Crushell E, Harty S, Sharif F, Bourke B: Enteric campylobacter: purging its secrets? Pediatr Res 2004 Jan; 55(1): 3-12. 
- Mao Y, Zhu C, Boedeker EC. Foodborne enteric infections. Curr Opin Gastroenterol. 2003 Jan;19(1):11-22. 
- Mishu B, Ilyas AA, Koski CL, et al: Serologic evidence of previous Campylobacter jejuni infection in patients with the Guillain-Barre syndrome. Ann Intern Med 1993 Jun 15; 118(12): 947-53.