Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Calcaneus Fracture Overview

What is a calcaneus fracture?
A person with a calcaneus fracture has broken the heel bone. The calcaneus bone is a strong bone that is difficult to fracture. The most common mechanism of injury is a fall onto the heels from a significant height. The calcaneus bone can also sustain tiny hairline fractures called a stress fracture. Stress fractures of the calcaneus bone are most commonly seen in distance runners.

What are the symptoms of a calcaneus fracture?
Symptoms of calcaneus fracture include heel pain, heel swelling, heel bruise, and the inability to walk.

How does the doctor treat a calcaneus fracture?
Treatment for calcaneus fracture may include cold compresses, rest, elevation, and crutches. Narcotic pain medications or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications may be prescribed for pain control. Severe fractures may require a cast or splint. Some of these fractures may require surgery.

Continue to Calcaneus Fracture Symptoms

Last Updated: Sep 24, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Calcaneus Fracture References
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  2. Kunkel M, Miller SD. Return to work after foot and ankle injury. Foot Ankle Clin. 2002 Jun;7(2):421-8, viii. [12462119]
  3. Luetters CM, Keegan TH, Sidney S, Quesenberry CP, Prill M, Sternfeld B, Kelsey J. Risk factors for foot fracture among individuals aged 45 years and older. Osteoporos Int. 2004 Dec;15(12):957-63. [15118813]
  4. Seybold D, Schildhauer TA, Muhr G. Combined ipsilateral fractures of talus and calcaneus. Foot Ankle Int. 2008 Mar;29(3):318-24. [18348829]
  5. Tran T, Thordarson D. Functional outcome of multiply injured patients with associated foot injury. Foot Ankle Int. 2002 Apr;23(4):340-3. [11991481]
  6. Ulusal AE, Lin CH, Lin YT, Ulusal BG, Yazar S. The use of free flaps in the management of type IIIB open calcaneal fractures. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Jun;121(6):2010-9. [18520889]
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