Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Incidence Risk Factors Symptoms Evaluation Treatment questions for doctor specialist Home Care pain and inflammation using a cane using a walker using crutches warning signs Outlook Complications Underlying Cause Anatomy

Bursitis Hip Anatomy

To better understand hip bursitis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the hip joint.

The hip is a ball and socket joint between the head of the femur and the pelvis. The head of the femur represents the ball, and the acetabulum of the pelvic bone represents the socket. The hip joint is lined with cartilage, which is a smooth surface that lines the inside all joints. The inside of the joints are lubricated with a slippery substance, called synovial fluid.

A bursa is a small sac that is filled with very slippery fluid. The bursa acts as a lubricating pad between a tendon and bone. This prevents destruction of the tendon as it moves over a bone.

Anatomy examples:

  • The hip joint viewed from the front
  • The hip joint with the joint capsule open
  • The hip joint viewed from behind
  • Normal hip x-ray
  • The femur and pelvis

Last Updated: Mar 19, 2009 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
Copyright DSHI Systems, Inc. Powered by: FreeMD - Your Virtual Doctor

PubMed Bursitis Hip References
  1. Butcher JD, Salzman KL, Lillegard WA. Lower extremity bursitis. Am Fam Physician. 1996 May 15;53(7):2317-24. [8638508]
  2. Fox JL. The role of arthroscopic bursectomy in the treatment of trochanteric bursitis. Arthroscopy. 2002 Sep;18(7):E34. [12209419]
  3. Shbeeb MI, O'Duffy JD, Michet CJ Jr, O'Fallon WM, Matteson EL. Evaluation of glucocorticosteroid injection for the treatment of trochanteric bursitis. J Rheumatol. 1996 Dec;23(12):2104-6. [8970048]
FreeMD is provided for information purposes only and should not be used as a substitute for evaluation and treatment by a physician. Please review our terms of use.