Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Bursitis Ankle Anatomy

To better understand ankle bursitis, it helps to understand the anatomy of the ankle joint.

Ankle Anatomy
The ankle consists of three bones:

  • The tibia is the large, long bone in the lower leg.
  • The fibula is the thin, long bone in the lower leg.
  • The talus lies on top of the heel bone and supports the tibia.

  • Tibia and fibula
  • Side view of ankle bones
  • Front view of ankle bones on x-ray

These three bones are bonded together by strong bands, called ligaments. The ligaments, muscles and tendons keep the bones of the ankle together during movement.

  • Inner aspect of ankle joint
  • View from behind the ankle joint
  • Outer aspect of ankle joint

Last Updated: Nov 16, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bursitis Ankle References
  1. Aronow MS. Posterior heel pain (retrocalcaneal bursitis, insertional and noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy). Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2005 Jan;22(1):19-43. [1555584]
  2. Cunnane G, Brophy DP, Gibney RG, FitzGerald O. Diagnosis and treatment of heel pain in chronic inflammatory arthritis using ultrasound. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1996 Jun;25(6):383-9. [8792510]
  3. Narvaez JA, Narvaez J, Ortega R, Aguilera C, Sanchez A, Andia E. Painful heel: MR imaging findings. Radiographics. 2000 Mar-Apr;20(2):333-52. [10715335]
  4. Schepsis AA, Jones H, Haas AL. Achilles tendon disorders in athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2002 Mar-Apr;30(2):287-305. [11912103]
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