Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment specialist Home Care pain in adults pain in children warning signs Underlying Cause

Burns Chemical Home Care

First aid for chemical burns includes:

  • Rinse chemicals from the skin, using a hose, shower, or a faucet.
    • Flush the skin for 30 minutes.
  • Remove all clothing that was splashed with the chemical.
  • Cover the burn loosely with a clean dry cloth.
  • Seek medical care immediately.

Home care for household chemical burns includes:
  • Rinse the skin under a faucet, shower or hose.
  • Gently clean the skin with mild soap.
  • Apply an antibiotic ointment.
  • Apply a dressing over the burned skin.
  • Apply cool packs over a dressing if needed.

Burns Chemical Pain in Adults

Medications commonly used to control pain and inflammation in adults with chemical burns include:

  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Adult dosing is 2 regular strength (325 mg) every 4 hours or 2 extra-strength (500 mg) every 6 hours.
  • Maximum dose is 4,000 mg per day.
  • Avoid this drug if you have alcoholism, liver disease or an allergy to the drug. See the package instructions.
  • Common brand names include Tylenol, Panadol, and many others.





NSAID Precautions

Burns Chemical Pain in Children

Common medications used at home for pain in children with chemical burns include:

Aspirin and most of the other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) are not used in children except under a doctor's care.

  • Acetaminophen decreases fever and pain, but does not help inflammation.
  • Dosing is 10-15 mg per kilogram (5-7 mg per pound) of body weight every 4-6 hours, up to the adult dose.
  • Do not exceed the maximum daily dose.
  • Acetaminophen products come in various strengths. Always follow the package instructions.
  • Avoid this drug in children with liver disease or an allergy to acetaminophen.
  • Common acetaminophen products include Tylenol, Panadol and many others.

Always follow the package instructions.


Burns Chemical Warning Signs

Notify your doctor if you have chemical burns and any of the following:

Continue to Burns Chemical Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Dec 7, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Burns Chemical References
  1. Hettiaratchy S, Dziewulski P. ABC of burns: pathophysiology and types of burns. BMJ. 2004 Jun 12;328(7453):1427-9. Erratum in: BMJ. 2004 Jul 17;329(7458):148. [15191982]
  2. Peate WF. Work-related eye injuries and illnesses. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Apr 1;75(7):1017-22. [17427615]
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