Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Buerger's Disease Risk Factors

Risk factors for Buerger's disease include:

  • Smoking
  • Family history of Buerger's disease

Continue to Buerger's Disease Symptoms

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Buerger's Disease References
  1. Abi-Saleh B, Chirculescu C, Eggleston KL, Takubo T Jr, Byrd RP Jr, Roy TM. Buerger's disease and pulmonary hypertension: a rare association? Tenn Med. 2005 Jan;98(1):37-8, 42. [15696819]
  2. Bozkurt AK, Besirli K, Koksal C, Sirin G, Yuceyar L, Tuzun H, Sayin AG. Surgical treatment of Buerger's disease. Vascular. 2004 May-Jun;12(3):192-7. [15586528]
  3. Cooper LT, Tse TS, Mikhail MA, et al. Long-term survival and amputation risk in thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease). J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Dec 21;44(12):2410-1. [15607407]
  4. Naito AT, Minamino T, Tateno K, Nagai T, Komuro I. Steroid-responsive thromboangiitis obliterans. Lancet. 2004 Sep 18-24;364(9439):1098. [15380972]
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