Budd-Chiari Syndrome Underlying Cause
Causes of Budd-Chiari syndrome include:
- Polycythemia vera
- Oral contraceptives
- Abdominal trauma
- Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
- Hypercoagulable states
- Congenital liver disease
This condition can result in liver enlargement, jaundice and liver failure. The onset of Budd-Chiari may be sudden, but is most often occurs more slowly, with liver failure occurring over months to years. Sudden complete blockage of the hepatic veins can cause liver failure and death in a matter of days.
Continue to Budd-Chiari Syndrome Anatomy
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- Valla DC. The diagnosis and management of the Budd-Chiari syndrome: consensus and controversies. Hepatology. 2003 Oct;38(4):793-803. 
- Wadhawan M, Kumar N. Budd-Chiari syndrome. Trop Gastroenterol. 2003 Jan-Mar;24(1):3-7.