Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Bruised Finger Anatomy

To better understand finger contusion, it helps to understand the anatomy of the finger.

Each finger contains three bones (phalanges), while the thumb contains two bones. At each joint, the bones are held together by ligaments. Muscles in the hand or forearm turn into tendons, which also attach to the bones in the finger: the muscles move the fingers by pulling on the tendons.

The phalanges articulate with one of the 5 metacarpal bones that make up the body of the hand.

Anatomy examples:

  • Hand bones
  • X-ray of the hand
  • Bones and tendons of the finger
  • Fingertip
  • Finger fracture

Last Updated: Nov 3, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bruised Finger References
  1. Campbell DA, Kay SP. The Hand Injury Severity Scoring System. J Hand Surg [Br]. 1996 Jun;21(3):295-8. [8771461]
  2. Chan J, Spencer J. Adaptation to hand injury: an evolving experience. Am J Occup Ther. 2004 Mar-Apr;58(2):128-39. [15068148]
  3. Gustafsson M, Ahlstrom G. Problems experienced during the first year of an acute traumatic hand injury - a prospective study. J Clin Nurs. 2004 Nov;13(8):986-95. [15533105]
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