Bruised Eye Evaluation
Evaluation of an eye contusion begins with a medical history and physical examination. This includes vision testing, examining the retina with an ophthalmoscope, and a slit lamp exam.
Physical findings in someone with an eye contusion may include:
- Tenderness around the eye
- Swelling around the eye
- Bruising around the eye
Tests are usually not necessary, but may be used to determine severity of the injury to the eye.
Tests that may be used to evaluate eye contusion include:
- Visual acuity
- X-ray of the orbit
Less commonly performed tests that may be used to evaluate eye contusion include:
- CT scan of the orbits
- MRI scan of the brain and orbits
For more information:
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- McGwin G Jr, Owsley C. Incidence of emergency department-treated eye injury in the United States. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 May;123(5):662-6. 
- McGwin G Jr, Xie A, Owsley C. Rate of eye injury in the United States. Arch Ophthalmol. 2005 Jul;123(7):970-6. 
- Welch LS, Hunting KL, Mawudeku A. Injury surveillance in construction: eye injuries. Appl Occup Environ Hyg. 2001 Jul;16(7):755-62.