Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Bruised Abdomen Anatomy

To better understand an abdominal contusion, it helps to understand the anatomy of the abdomen.

The internal organs are protected by a muscular abdominal wall:

  • Superficial abdominal muscles
  • Deep abdominal muscles

Organs in the abdomen include:
  • Intestines
  • Kidneys
  • Liver
  • Gallbladder
  • Pancreas
  • Spleen
  • Stomach
  • Uterus and ovaries in females (lower abdomen)
  • Genitourinary system in males

Last Updated: Nov 7, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bruised Abdomen References
  1. Gonzalez RP, Han M, Turk B, Luterman A. Screening for abdominal injury prior to emergent extra-abdominal trauma surgery: a prospective study. J Trauma. 2004 Oct;57(4):739-41. [15514526]
  2. Keller MS. Blunt injury to solid abdominal organs. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2004 May;13(2):106-11. [15362280]
  3. Poletti PA, Mirvis SE, Shanmuganathan K, Takada T, Killeen KL, Perlmutter D, Hahn J, Mermillod B. Blunt abdominal trauma patients: can organ injury be excluded without performing computed tomography? J Trauma. 2004 Nov;57(5):1072-81. [15580035]
  4. Sato M, Yoshii H. Reevaluation of ultrasonography for solid-organ injury in blunt abdominal trauma. J Ultrasound Med. 2004 Dec;23(12):1583-96. [1555730]
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