Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Brucellosis Transmission

Facts about brucellosis:

  • Brucellosis occurs after contact with farm animals.
    • Cattle, dogs, goats, and pigs are the most common carriers.
  • The bacteria usually pass into a break in the skin.
  • Accidental exposure to the cattle Brucella vaccine can also result in infection in humans.
  • Infection occurs from contact with infected meat, placenta, or ingestion of unpasteurized milk or cheese.
  • Person to person transmission of Brucella is rare.

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Brucellosis References
  1. Ariza J, Gudiol F, Pallares R, et al: Treatment of human brucellosis with doxycycline plus rifampin or doxycycline plus streptomycin. A randomized, double-blind study. Ann Intern Med 1992 Jul 1; 117(1): 25-30. [1596044]
  2. Hall WH: Modern chemotherapy for brucellosis in humans. Rev Infect Dis 1990 Nov-Dec; 12(6): 1060-99. [2267485]
  3. Pappas G, Akritidis N, Bosilkovski M, Tsianos E. Brucellosis. N Engl J Med. 2005 Jun 2;352(22):2325-36. [15930423]
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