Because bronchiectasis is often caused by a lung infection, treatment for bronchiectasis usually includes antibiotics and daily respiratory therapy. Additional treatment may include oxygen therapy, bronchodilator medications, and inhaled corticosteroids. Many times, those with bronchiectasis and significant breathing difficulty, require treatment in the hospital. In severe cases, a portion of the lung may need to be removed.
Treatment options for bronchiectasis include:
- Do not smoke.
- Daily respiratory therapy
- Home oxygen therapy
- Inhaled bronchodilator medications:
- Inhaled corticosteroids:
- Fluticasone (Flovent)
- Triamcinolone (Azmacort)
- Beclomethasone (Beclovent, Vanceril)
- Budesonide (Pulmicort, Rhinocort)
- Oral corticosteroids:
- Antibiotics for bronchitis or pneumonia
- Cough medicine
- Medications to thin the mucus
- Respiratory therapy:
- To help break up and drain mucus out of the lungs
- Surgery for bronchiectasis:
- Removal of a portion of the lung
Bronchiectasis Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of bronchiectasis.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- Will I need physical therapy?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for bronchitis and pneumonia?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat bronchiectasis:
Continue to Bronchiectasis Home Care
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- Franco F, Sheikh A, Greenstone M: Short acting beta-2 agonists for bronchiectasis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003; CD003572. 
- ten Hacken N, Kerstjens H, Postma D. Bronchiectasis. Clin Evid. 2004 Jun;(11):1998-2002. 
- Tsang KW, Tan KC, Ho PL, et al: Inhaled fluticasone in bronchiectasis: a 12 month study. Thorax 2005 Mar; 60(3): 239-43.