Broken Femur Anatomy
To better understand a femur fracture, it helps to understand the anatomy of the femur.
The femur is the largest bone in the lower extremity. At the upper end of the femur is the hip joint with articulates with the pelvis. At the lower end of the femur is the knee joint.
The hip is a ball and socket joint between the head of the upper femur and the bony pelvis. The femoral head is the ball and the acetabulum of the pelvic bone is the socket. The hip joint is lined with cartilage. Cartilage is the smooth, gliding surface inside all joints. Joints are also lubricated with a substance known as synovial fluid.
The hip bursae are fluid-filled areas in the soft tissues around the hip joint where tendons and muscles pass over bony prominences. These fluid-filled sacs serve as a cushion between tendons and bone and lubricate the region with synovial fluid.
- The hip joint viewed from the front
- The hip joint with the joint capsule open
- The hip joint viewed from behind
- Normal hip x-ray
- The femur and pelvis
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