Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Broken Ankle Types

The bones that can be fractured in the ankle include:

  • Lateral malleolus: the end of the fibula
  • Medial malleolus: the end of the tibia
  • Talus: the bone that lies beneath the tibia and the fibula, and rests on top of the bones of the foot

The lateral malleolus is the most common bone broken in an ankle fracture.

Types of fractures include:
  • Simple fracture: one bone is broken into two pieces.
  • Comminuted fracture: on bone is broken into more than 2 pieces.
  • Closed fracture: the fractured bones do not cause injury to the skin.
  • Open fracture: the fractured bone pierces through the skin.

Continue to Broken Ankle Anatomy

Last Updated: Mar 12, 2008 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Broken Ankle References
  1. DiGiovanni BF, Partal G, Baumhauer JF. Acute ankle injury and chronic lateral instability in the athlete. Clin Sports Med. 2004 Jan;23(1):1-19, v. [15062581]
  2. Kunkel M, Miller SD. Return to work after foot and ankle injury. Foot Ankle Clin. 2002 Jun;7(2):421-8, viii. [12462119]
  3. McKay GD, Goldie PA, Payne WR, Oakes BW. Ankle injuries in basketball: injury rate and risk factors. Br J Sports Med. 2001 Apr;35(2):103-8.[11273971]
  4. Pugia ML, Middel CJ, Seward SW, Pollock JL, Hall RC, Lowe L, Mahony L, Henderson NE. Comparison of acute swelling and function in subjects with lateral ankle injury. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2001 Jul;31(7):384-8.[11451309]
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