Breathing Difficulty in Children Overview
What is breathing difficulty in children?
Breathing difficulty, or shortness of breath, is the feeling that the act of breathing requires more effort than usual. Breathing difficulty is a common symptom of heart or lung disease. Breathing difficulty may occur at rest, be associated with exertion, occur only when lying flat, or cause waking in the middle of the night. A situation that triggers breathing difficulty can provide an important clue to the underlying cause.
What are the symptoms of breathing difficulty in children?
There are several important signs of severe difficulty breathing such as rapid respiratory rate, rib retractions, wheezing, nasal flaring, cyanosis, and use of accessory muscles.
How does the doctor treat breathing difficulty in children?
Treatment depends on the underlying cause. Options include oxygen, antibiotics, and bronchodilators to reverse wheezing. Breathing difficulty that is due to congenital heart disease may require surgery.
Continue to Breathing Difficulty in Children Evaluation
- Brown SG. Clinical features and severity grading of anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2004 Aug;114(2):371-6. 
- Fauroux B, Epaud R, Clement A. Clinical presentation of interstitial lung disease in children. Paediatr Respir Rev. 2004 Jun;5(2):98-100. 
- Lea E, Nawaf H, Yoav T, Elvin S, Ze'ev Z, Amir K. Diagnostic evaluation of foreign body aspiration in children: a prospective study. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jul;40(7):1122-7. 
- Yoos HL, Kitzman H, McMullen A, Sidora-Arcoleo K, Anson E. The language of breathlessness: do families and health care providers speak the same language when describing asthma symptoms? J Pediatr Health Care. 2005 Jul-Aug;19(4):197-205.