Breast Cancer in Males Treatment
The treatment for breast cancer in males depends on a variety of factors, such as the cell type, the genetics of the cancer (HER2 positive or negative), and whether it has spread outside of the breast. A mastectomy, which removes all of the breast tissue, is performed in most cases. The mastectomy is followed by radiation therapy or hormone therapy. Additional surgery, called sentinel node biopsy, includes removing a lymph node from under the arm to look for the presence of cancer. If cancer is present in the lymph node, then all of the lymph nodes are removed from under the arm.
Breast cancer in males is usually treated with surgery, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. Chemotherapy may be used in the late stages of breast cancer that has spread to other tissues. Chemotherapy uses medications that either kill cancer cells directly, or interfere with their metabolism. Chemotherapy usually requires treatment with a combination of medications. Hormone therapy blocks natural hormones from stimulating the cancer cells to grow. Radiation therapy uses x-rays to directly kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy delivers a focused beam of radiation to the cancer so that any damage to surrounding tissue is minimized. A course of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, or radiation therapy may require weeks or months to administer.
Treatment for breast cancer in males may include:
Breast Cancer in Males Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of breast cancer in males.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- Is surgery an option for me?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- Do I need a special exercise program?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for having this problem again?
- Are my children at risk for this condition?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Breast Cancer in Males Specialist
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