Breast Cancer in Males Stage 3c
Stage 3C cancers have both of the following characteristics:
- Cancer has spread to lymph nodes beneath the collarbone and near the neck
- Cancer may have spread to lymph nodes under the arm and to tissues near the breast
Stage 3C cancers are further divided into the following two groups:
- Stage 3C operable Any one of the following qualifies as being 3C operable:
- Cancer is found in 10 or more lymph nodes under the arm.
- Cancer is found in the lymph nodes beneath the collarbone and near the neck on the same side of the body as the breast with the cancer.
- Cancer is found in lymph nodes within the breast itself and in lymph nodes under the arm.
- Stage 3C inoperable In this stage, the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes above the collarbone and near the neck on the same side of the body as the breast with cancer.
Continue to Breast Cancer in Males Stage 4
- Appelbaum AH, Evans GF, Levy KR, et al: Mammographic appearances of male breast disease. Radiographics 1999 May-Jun; 19(3): 559-68 . 
- Carmalt HL, Mann LJ, Kennedy CW, et al: Carcinoma of the male breast: a review and recommendations for management. Aust N Z J Surg 1998 Oct; 68(10): 712-5 
- Dehner LP, Hill DA, Deschryver K: Pathology of the breast in children, adolescents, and young adults. Semin Diagn Pathol 1999 Aug; 16(3): 235-47. 
- Giordano SH, Perkins GH, Broglio K, Garcia SG, Middleton LP, Buzdar AU, Hortobagyi GN. Adjuvant systemic therapy for male breast carcinoma. Cancer. 2005 Dec 1;104(11):2359-64. 
- Greydanus DE, Parks DS, Farrell EG: Breast disorders in children and adolescents. Pediatr Clin North Am 1989 Jun; 36(3): 601-38. 
- Hsing AW, McLaughlin JK, Cocco P, Co Chien HT, Fraumeni JF Jr. Risk factors for male breast cancer (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 1998 May;9(3):269-75. 
- Pacinda SJ, Ramzy I. Fine-needle aspiration of breast masses. A review of its role in diagnosis and management in adolescent patients. J Adolesc Health. 1998 Jul;23(1):3-6. 
- Stewart RA, Howlett DC, Hearn FJ: Pictorial review: the imaging features of male breast disease. Clin Radiol 1997 Oct; 52(10): 739-44.