Brain Stroke Prevention
Prevention of a stroke includes:
- Follow a stroke diet:
- Avoid alcohol, or drink alcohol in moderation:
- For men: no more than 2 alcoholic beverages per day
- For women: no more than 1 alcoholic beverage per day
- Stop smoking
- Avoid exposure to secondary smoke
- Ask your doctor if you should take a blood thinner medication, such as:
- Effective control of underlying illnesses:
- Get regular exercise
- Lose weight if you are overweight
Brain Stroke Diet
Stroke Prevention Diet
A healthy diet to help prevent a stroke should include:
- Limit fat intake to no more than 30% of your total calories.
- Eat quality fats:
- Use virgin olive oil and other unsaturated, low-cholesterol fats.
- 10% to 15% of your total calories should be in the form of monounsaturated fatty acids (e.g. olive oil, canola oil, and peanut oil).
- Talk to your doctor about vitamin D supplements.
- Eat foods that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids:
- Omega-3's are present in salmon, tuna, and mackerel.
- Walnuts and flax seed are also rich in omega3's.
- If you don't like fish, your local pharmacy has omega-3 supplements in capsule form.
- Eat less than 300 milligrams of dietary cholesterol a day.
- Reduce salt in your diet to no more than 3 grams per day. You doctor may lower this recommendation to no more than 2 grams if you have high blood pressure or congestive heart failure.
- Eat plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables.
- Eat more complex carbohydrates, such as starch and fiber. Whole grains and brown rice are good fiber sources. Other sources include:
- Limit iron intake:
- Avoid fad diets:
- Eat a well-rounded diet instead.
- Check with your doctor about supplementing your diet with B vitamins. Some people may benefit from these supplements.
Continue to Brain Stroke Outlook
- Brown WV. Metabolic syndrome and risk of stroke. Clin Cornerstone. 2004;6 Suppl 3:S30-4. 
- Hoppe C. Defining stroke risk in children with sickle cell anaemia. Br J Haematol. 2005 Mar;128(6):751-66. 
- Ingall T. Stroke--incidence, mortality, morbidity and risk. J Insur Med. 2004;36(2):143-52. 
- Kim H, Friedlander Y, Longstreth WT Jr, Edwards KL, Schwartz SM, Siscovick DS. Family history as a risk factor for stroke in young women. Am J Prev Med. 2004 Dec;27(5):391-6. 
- Sacco RL, Sivenius J, Diener HC. Efficacy of aspirin plus extended-release dipyridamole in preventing recurrent stroke in high-risk populations. Arch Neurol. 2005 Mar;62(3):403-8. 
- Smeeth L, Thomas SL, Hall AJ, Hubbard R, Farrington P, Vallance P. Risk of myocardial infarction and stroke after acute infection or vaccination. N Engl J Med. 2004 Dec 16;351(25):2611-8. 
- Weber MA. Managing the patient at risk for a second stroke. J Hypertens Suppl. 2005 Apr;23(1):S41-7.