Bowen's Disease Underlying Cause
The underlying cause of Bowen's disease is unknown.
The cause may be related to:
- Sun exposure
- Arsenic exposure
- Human papillomavirus infection
Continue to Bowen's Disease Anatomy
- Collina G, Rossi E, Bettelli S: Detection of human papillomavirus in extragenital Bowen's disease using in situ hybridization and polymerase chain reaction. Am J Dermatopathol 1995 Jun; 17(3): 236-41. 
- Kaye V, Zhang G, Dehner LP: Carcinoma in situ of penis. Is distinction between erythroplasia of Queyrat and Bowen's disease relevant? Urology 1990 Dec; 36(6): 479-82.