Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Botulism Wound Botulism

Initial symptoms of wound botulism include:


Symptoms of muscle weakness caused by botulism start in the face and neck, spread to both arms, and then to both legs. The muscles that control swallowing and breathing may also become weak.

Symptoms of muscle weakness include:

Additional symptoms may include:

Continue to Botulism Evaluation

Last Updated: Dec 2, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Botulism References
  1. Cherington M. Botulism: update and review. Semin Neurol. 2004 Jun;24(2):155-63. [15257512]
  2. Hatheway CL: Botulism: the present status of the disease. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 1995; 195: 55-75. [8542759]
  3. Robinson RF, Nahata MC. Management of botulism. Ann Pharmacother. 2003 Jan;37(1):127-31. [12503947]
  4. Shapiro RL, Hatheway C, Swerdlow DL: Botulism in the United States: a clinical and epidemiologic review. Ann Intern Med 1998 Aug 1; 129(3): 221-8. [9696731]
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