Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Borderline Diabetes Prevention

There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

Prevention of type 2 diabetes includes:

  • Avoiding obesity
  • Follow an exercise plan developed with your doctor
  • Eat a diet high in omega-3-fatty acids:
    • Salmon
    • Tuna
    • Mackerel
    • Trout
  • Eat a healthy heart diet:
  • Studies show that following a Mediterranean diet may cut the risk of developing diabetes in half. Elements of this diet include:
    • Abundant use of olive oil for cooking and dressing.
    • Increased consumption of fruit, vegetables, legumes, and fish.
    • Reduction in total meat consumption.
    • When eating meat, select white meat and avoid red meat and processed meats.
    • Preparation of homemade sauce with tomato, garlic, onion.
    • Use of olive oil to dress vegetables, pasta, rice, and other dishes.
    • Avoidance of butter, cream, fast-food, sweets, pastries, and sugar-sweetened beverages.
    • In alcohol drinkers, moderate consumption of red wine.

Prevention of long-term complications of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes includes:

Continue to Borderline Diabetes Underlying Cause

Last Updated: Dec 9, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Borderline Diabetes References
  1. Lebovitz HE. Type 2 diabetes: an overview. Clin Chem. 1999 Aug;45(8 Pt 2):1339-45. [10430816]
  2. Monnier L, Benichou M, Charra-Ebrard S, Boegner C, Colette C. An overview of the rationale for pharmacological strategies in type 2 diabetes: from the evidence to new perspectives. Diabetes Metab. 2005 Apr;31(2):101-9. [15959415]
  3. Olson DE, Norris SL. Diabetes in older adults. Overview of AGS guidelines for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in geriatric populations. Geriatrics. 2004 Apr;59(4):18-24. [15086070]
  4. Ratner RE. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: the grand overview. Diabet Med. 1998;15 Suppl 4:S4-7. [9868984]
  5. Ulbrecht JS, Cavanagh PR, Caputo GM. Foot problems in diabetes: an overview. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Aug 1;39 Suppl 2:S73-82. [15306983]
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