Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Overview Symptoms Evaluation Treatment drugs Home Care low salt diet warning signs Underlying Cause

Body Swelling Evaluation

The evaluation of swelling begins with a history and physical exam.

Physical findings in someone with swelling may include:

  • Enlargement of part of the body
  • Pitting edema:
    • Pressure from a fingertip leaves a fingerprint in the skin

Tests that may be used to evaluate swelling include:

Continue to Body Swelling Treatment

Last Updated: Jan 5, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Body Swelling References
  1. Blankfield RP, Finkelhor RS, Alexander JJ, Flocke SA, Maiocco J, Goodwin M, Zyzanski SJ. Etiology and diagnosis of bilateral leg edema in primary care. Am J Med. 1998 Sep;105(3):192-7. [9753021]
  2. Blankfield RP, Zyzanski SJ. Bilateral leg edema, pulmonary hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea: a cross-sectional study. J Fam Pract. 2002 Jun;51(6):561-4. [12100781]
  3. Cohen EG, Soliman AM. Changing trends in angioedema. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 2001 Aug;110(8):701-6. [11510724]
  4. O'Brien JG, Chennubhotla SA, Chennubhotla RV. Treatment of edema. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Jun 1;71(11):2111-7. [15952439]
  5. Pedrinelli R, Dell'Omo G, Melillo E, Mariani M. Amlodipine, enalapril, and dependent leg edema in essential hypertension. Hypertension. 2000 Feb;35(2):621-5. [10679507]
  6. Perrin M, Guex JJ. Edema and leg volume: methods of assessment. Angiology. 2000 Jan;51(1):9-12. [10667637]
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