Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Blood Flukes Overview

Another name for Blood Flukes is Schistosomiasis.

What is schistosomiasis?
A person with schistosomiasis has an infection caused by Schistosoma parasites, which are also called blood flukes. The parasites are found in contaminated fresh water in tropical regions. Once the parasite enters through human skin, the adult worm lays thousands of eggs over the course of several years. The parasites are not found in the US.

What are the symptoms of schistosomiasis?
Initial symptoms of schistosomiasis include an itchy rash on the legs, fever, fatigue, muscle aches, swollen lymph glands, and headache. Additional symptoms of schistosomiasis may include difficulty breathing, palpitations, leg swelling, abdominal pain, diarrhea, pain during urination, and increased urinary frequency.

How does the doctor treat schistosomiasis?
Treatment for schistosomiasis includes antiparasitic medications and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain and fever.

Continue to Blood Flukes Incidence

Last Updated: Jan 4, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Blood Flukes References
  1. Bichler KH, Feil G, Zumbragel A, Eipper E, Dyballa S. Schistosomiasis: a critical review. Curr Opin Urol. 2001 Jan;11(1):97-101. [11148754]
  2. Davis-Reed L, Theis JH. Cutaneous schistosomiasis: report of a case and review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000 Apr;42(4):678-80. [10727319]
  3. Magnussen P. Treatment and re-treatment strategies for schistosomiasis control in different epidemiological settings: a review of 10 years' experiences. Acta Trop. 2003 May;86(2-3):243-54. [12745141]
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