Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

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Bleeding Under the Skull Underlying Cause

An epidural hematoma forms when blood leaks from the blood vessels that lie between the dura and the inside of the skull. The hematoma can place pressure on the surface of the brain, which can injure the brain.

The most common cause of epidural hematoma is head injury. In most cases, an epidural hematoma occurs with a fracture of the skull. The injury results in tearing of the blood vessels.

Rare causes of epidural hematoma include:

Continue to Bleeding Under the Skull Anatomy

Last Updated: Dec 10, 2010 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bleeding Under the Skull References
  1. Durand P Jr, Adamson GJ. On-the-field management of athletic head injuries. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004 May-Jun;12(3):191-5. [15161172]
  2. Forbes BJ, Cox M, Christian CW. Retinal hemorrhages in patients with epidural hematomas. J AAPOS. 2008 Feb 6; [18258466]Forbes BJ, Cox M, Christian CW.
  3. Hayashi T, Kameyama M, Imaizumi S, Kamii H, Onuma T. Acute epidural hematoma of the posterior fossa--cases of acute clinical deterioration. Am J Emerg Med. 2007 Nov;25(9):989-95. [18022491]
  4. Provenzale J. CT and MR imaging of acute cranial trauma. Emerg Radiol. 2007 Apr;14(1):1-12. Epub 2007 Feb 22. [17318483]
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