Bladder Infection Treatment
Treatment for most bladder infections includes oral antibiotics and medications to treat urinary pain. Healthy young females may only require antibiotic treatment for 3 days. Males, and females with underlying medical problems, require a longer course of antibiotic treatment. A bladder infection in a male requires additional testing, in order to look for abnormalities in the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Almost all bladder infections resolve with treatment.
Treatment of a bladder infection includes:
- Antibiotics for bladder infection:
- Trimethoprim (Proloprim, Trimpex)
- Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Bactrim DS, Septra, Septra DS, Cotrim)
- Ampicillin (Omnipen, Principen, Totacillin, Polycillin)
- Amoxicillin (Trimox, Amoxil, Biomox)
- Gentamicin (Garamycin, Gentacidin)
- Cefixime (Suprax)
- Cefpodoxime proxetil (Vantin)
- Nitrofurantoin (Furadantin, Macrobid, Macrodantin)
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
- Fosfomycin (Monurol)
- Ofloxacin (Floxin)
- Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
- Ertapenem (Invanz)
- Phenazopyridine (Pyridium):
- Medication for bladder pain
- May turn the urine orange
- Plenty of fluids
- Cranberry juice
- Acetaminophen for pain and fever
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain:
Bladder Infection Antibiotics
Women who have bladder infections and who are not pregnant, receive antibiotics for one to three days. Pregnant women and males require antibiotic therapy for a longer period.
Antibiotic medications include:
Bladder Infection Pregnancy
Facts about the treatment of bladder infections in pregnant women:
- The risk of bladder infection is the same for a pregnant woman as it is for a woman who is not pregnant.
- Pregnant women are more likely to develop a kidney infection than a woman who is not pregnant. This is because the womb places pressure on the bladder. This can cause the urine to be pushed up through the ureters from the infected bladder, and into the kidneys.
Bladder Infection Questions For Doctor
The following are some important questions to ask before and after the treatment of a bladder infection.
Questions to ask before treatment:
- What are my treatment options?
- What are the risks associated with treatment?
- Do I need to stay in the hospital?
- How long will I be in the hospital?
- What are the complications I should watch for?
- How long will I be on medication?
- What are the potential side effects of my medication?
- Does my medication interact with nonprescription medicines or supplements?
- Should I take my medication with food?
Questions to ask after treatment:
- Do I need to change my diet?
- Do I need to lose weight?
- Are there any medications or supplements I should avoid?
- When can I resume my normal activities?
- When can I return to work?
- What else can I do to reduce my risk for urinary tract infection?
- How often will I need to see my doctor for checkups?
- What local support and other resources are available?
Bladder Infection Specialist
Physicians from the following specialties evaluate and treat bladder infections:
Continue to Bladder Infection Home Care
- Engel JD, Schaeffer AJ: Evaluation of and antimicrobial therapy for recurrent urinary tract infections in women. Urol Clin North Am 1998 Nov; 25(4): 685-701. 
- Hooton TM, Scholes D, Gupta K, Stapleton AE, Roberts PL, Stamm WE. Amoxicillin-clavulanate vs ciprofloxacin for the treatment of uncomplicated cystitis in women: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2005 Feb 23;293(8):949-55. 
- Hooton TM, Scholes D, Hughes JP: A prospective study of risk factors for symptomatic urinary tract infection in young women. N Engl J Med 1996 Aug 15; 335(7): 468-74. 
- Malhotra SM, Kennedy WA. Urinary tract infections in children: treatment. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug;31(3):527-34, x. 
- McCarty JM, Richard G, Huck W, et al: A randomized trial of short-course ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for the treatment of acute urinary tract infection in women. Ciprofloxacin Urinary Tract Infection Group. Am J Med 1999 Mar; 106(3): 292-9.