Stephen J. Schueler, M.D.

Bladder Infection Overview

What is a bladder infection?
A person with a bladder infection has inflammation of the bladder wall, caused by an infection with bacteria. A common cause is infection by E. coli bacteria. Usually, the bacteria spread from the rectum, enter the urethra, spread through the urethra and enter the bladder. Once the organisms reach the bladder, they start to grow. Bladder infections are more common in females. Bladder infections account for about 8 million visits to doctors' offices each year in the US.

What are the symptoms of a bladder infection?
Common symptoms of a bladder infection include pain during urination, urinary frequency and an increased urge to urinate. Other symptoms include red or pink urine, lower abdominal pain, low back pain, nausea, and fever.

How does the doctor treat a bladder infection?
Treatment for a bladder infection includes antibiotics and medications to treat urinary pain.

Continue to Bladder Infection Incidence

Last Updated: Feb 17, 2011 References
Authors: Stephen J. Schueler, MD; John H. Beckett, MD; D. Scott Gettings, MD
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PubMed Bladder Infection References
  1. Engel JD, Schaeffer AJ: Evaluation of and antimicrobial therapy for recurrent urinary tract infections in women. Urol Clin North Am 1998 Nov; 25(4): 685-701. [10026775]
  2. Hooton TM, Scholes D, Gupta K, Stapleton AE, Roberts PL, Stamm WE. Amoxicillin-clavulanate vs ciprofloxacin for the treatment of uncomplicated cystitis in women: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2005 Feb 23;293(8):949-55. [15728165]
  3. Hooton TM, Scholes D, Hughes JP: A prospective study of risk factors for symptomatic urinary tract infection in young women. N Engl J Med 1996 Aug 15; 335(7): 468-74. [8672152]
  4. Malhotra SM, Kennedy WA. Urinary tract infections in children: treatment. Urol Clin North Am. 2004 Aug;31(3):527-34, x. [15313062]
  5. McCarty JM, Richard G, Huck W, et al: A randomized trial of short-course ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, or trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for the treatment of acute urinary tract infection in women. Ciprofloxacin Urinary Tract Infection Group. Am J Med 1999 Mar; 106(3): 292-9. [10190377]
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